Oklahoma law requires schools seeking renewal to apply for it and requires authorizers to issue school performance renewal reports to schools whose charter will expire the following year and to issue renewal application guidance that provides an opportunity for schools to augment their performance record and discuss improvements and future plans.
Oklahoma law provides that a charter school authorizer may deny the request for renewal if it determines the charter school has failed to complete the obligations of the contract or comply with the provisions of the state's charter schools law. It also provides that a charter school authorizer may terminate a contract during the term of the contract for failure to meet the requirements for student performance contained in the contract, failure to meet the standards of fiscal management, violations of the law, or other good cause.
Oklahoma law provides that at the time of its charter renewal, based on an average of the current year and the two prior operating years, an authorizer may close a charter school site identified as being among the bottom five percent of public schools in the state. In the event that an authorizer fails to close a charter school site, the authorizer shall appear before the State Board of Education to provide support for its decision. The State Board of Education may, by majority vote, uphold or overturn the decision of the authorizer. These provisions do not apply to a charter school that has been designed by the State Department of Education as implementing an alternative education program throughout the charter school.
In making a school site closure decision, the State Board of Education shall consider the following:
* Enrollment of students with special challenges such as drug or alcohol addiction, prior withdrawal from school, prior incarceration or other special circumstances;
* High mobility of the student population resulting from the specific purpose of the charter school;
* Annual improvement in the performance of students enrolled in the charter school compared with the performance of students enrolled in the charter school in the immediately preceding school year;
* Whether a majority of students attending the charter school under consideration for closure would likely revert to attending public schools with lower academic achievement.
If the State Board of Education overturns an authorizerâ€™s decision to renew a school ranked in the bottom 5% of all public schools in the state, the Board may implement one of the following actions:
* Transfer the sponsorship of the charter school to another authorizer;
* Order the closure of the charter school at the end of the current school year;
* Order the reduction of any administrative fee collected by the authorizer that is applicable to the charter school.
Oklahoma law requires an authorizer to give written notice of its intent to deny the request for renewal at least eight months prior to expiration of the contract. It requires an authorizer to give at least 90 days written notice to the governing board prior to terminating the contract.
Under Oklahoma law, a charter contract may be renewed for successive five-year terms of duration, although the sponsor may vary the term based on the performance, demonstrated capacities and particular circumstances of each charter school.
Oklahoma law requires authorizers to provide charter schools with timely notification of potential revocation or non-renewal (including reasons) and reasonable time to respond and to provide charter schools with due process for nonrenewal and revocation decisions (e.g., public hearing, submission of evidence).
Oklahoma law requires authorizers to make all charter approval or denial decisions in a public meeting, state in a resolution the reasons for the revocation or nonrenewal, and provide a public report summarizing the evidence used as the basis for each decision.
Oklahoma law contains school closure protocols that authorizers must use.
According to the law, before an authorizer may issue a charter to a charter school governing body that has had its charter terminated or has been informed that its charter will not be renewed by the current authorizer, the authorizer shall request to have the proposal reviewed by the State Board of Education at a hearing. The State Board of Education shall conduct a hearing in which the authorizer shall present information indicating that the proposal of the organizer is substantively different in the areas of deficiency identified by the current authorizer from the current proposal as set forth within the charter with its current authorizer. After the State Board of Education conducts a hearing, the Board shall either approve or deny the proposal. If the proposal is denied, no authorizer may issue a charter to the charter school governing body.