Georgia law provides brick and mortar state charter schools and state chartered special schools with an amount equal to the state-wide average total capital revenue per full-time equivalent, as determined by the state department of education. Statute notes that such funding is subject to the appropriations by the General Assembly. For 2018-19, the state is providing approximately $1,158 per pupil for this item. In addition, there is a capital fund add-on for such schools in “high-rent” districts. The additional capital allotment ranges from $61 per pupil to $695 per pupil and averages out to be an additional $489 per pupil above and beyond the $1,158 allotment.
For locally-authorized charter schools, district authorizers are required to treat a charter school “no less favorably than other local schools within the applicable local system with respect to the provision of funds for instruction, school administration, transportation, food services, and, where feasible, building programs”, though it is unclear what this amounts to in practice.
Georgia law provides a per-pupil, needs-based capital-funding program for charter schools that is distributed by the state educational agency. For Fiscal Year 2023, the legislature has directed $4.5 million to be divided equally between applicants.
Georgia law provides, subject to appropriations by the Georgia General Assembly, a matching grant program for qualified charter school facilities contributions. The program would provide $1 in matching funds—up to a maximum amount authorized by the state board for a single charter school project—for each dollar donated to a qualified charter school organization for a facility project, provided that the total amount donated shall not exceed 75 percent of the average per-student state portion of capital outlay funding provided multiplied by the number of students that the charter school project is designed to serve. The state is not currently funding this program.
Statute also now indicates that local charter schools which petition to be authorized by the commission must be allowed to continue the use of all facilities, equipment, and other assets it used prior to the expiration or rescission of its charter with a local board of education; however, the local school board can begin to charge or continue to charge a reasonable fee for use of the facilities if the school switches to the commission.
Georgia law provides charters with access to tax-exempt debt through county development authorities.