Are there clear student enrollment and lottery procedures?
Beginning in 2017-18, Florida law requires each district and charter school to adopt a controlled open enrollment plan that allows a student to enroll in any public school in the state that has not reached capacity. Each charter school governing board shall determine capacity based upon its charter contract.
Florida’s law contains anti-discrimination provisions regarding admissions.
Florida law provides that conversions must give enrollment preference to students who would have otherwise attended that public school. It also provides that any charter school must give first preference for admission to dependent children of active-duty military personnel. It does not require them to provide enrollment preferences for prior year students within chartered schools.
Florida law provides that charter schools may give enrollment preference to students who are siblings of a student enrolled in the charter school, students who are the children of a member of the governing board of the charter school, students who are the children of an employee of the charter school, students who are children of a business partner with the school, students who are children of a resident of a municipality that operates a charter school-in-a-municipality,students who have successfully completed, during the previous year, a voluntary prekindergarten education program under ss. 1002.51-1002.79 provided by the charter school, the charter school’s governing board, or a voluntary prekindergarten provider that has a written agreement with the governing board, and students who are the children of active-duty members of any branch of the armed forces.
Florida law provides that a charter school may limit the enrollment process only to target the following student populations: students within specific age groups or grade levels; students considered at risk of dropping out of school or academic failure (such students include exceptional education students); students enrolling in a charter school-in-the-workplace or charter school-in-a-municipality; students residing within a reasonable distance of the charter school; students who meet reasonable academic, artistic, or other eligibility standards established by the charter school and included in the charter school application and charter or, in the case of existing charter schools, standards that are consistent with the school's mission and purpose; students articulating from one charter school to another pursuant to an articulation agreement between the charter schools that has been approved by the authorizer; and students living in a development in which a developer, including any affiliated business entity or charitable foundation, contributes to the formation, acquisition, construction, or operation of one or more charter schools or charter school facilities and related property in an amount equal to or having a total appraised value of at least $5 million to be used as charter schools to mitigate the educational impact created by the development of new residential dwelling units, with students living in the development entitled to 50 percent of the student stations in the charter schools.
Florida law requires charter schools to admit students via a random selection process when the number of applications exceeds the capacity of a program, class, grade level, or building.