Measuring Up to the Model



weight: 2 | possible total: 8

2. A Variety of Public Charter Schools Allowed

2A. New start-ups.

2B. Public school conversions.

How well do states’ laws align to this component of the model law?

State

Charter Law Description

Score

Alaska

Alaska law allows new starts, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Arizona

Arizona law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Arkansas

Arkansas law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

California

California law allows new starts, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Colorado

Colorado law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Connecticut

Connecticut law provides that state charters are new start-ups and are approved by the state board of education. It also provides that local charters are conversions of a traditional public school or part of a traditional public school into a charter school and are approved by the local or regional board of education of the school districts in which it is located and by the state board of education. Connecticut law does not contain provisions specifically allowing or preventing virtual schools.

8

Delaware

Delaware allows new start-ups and public school conversions, but not virtual schools.

4

District of Columbia

The law allows new-starts, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Florida

Florida law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Georgia

Georgia law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Hawaii

Hawaii law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Idaho

Idaho law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Illinois

Illinois law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Indiana

Indiana law permits new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Iowa

Iowa law allows applications for converting an existing building or creating a new building for a charter school (which is interpreted as a new start-up). The law is silent on virtual schools, but state department staff indicates there is nothing in code to prevent a virtual school to be created as a charter.

8

Kansas

Kansas law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Louisiana

Louisiana law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools, and divides them into types: Type 1 (new start-up approved by local school board); Type 1B (new start-up or public school conversion approved by local charter authorizer); Type 2 (new start-up or public school conversion approved by state board of education); Type 3 (public school conversion approved by local school board); Type 3B (a former type 5 charter school transferred from the Recovery School District to the administration and management of the transferring local school system); Type 4 (new start-up or public school conversion based on contract between local school board and state board of education), and Type 5 (public school conversion transferred to the recovery school district and authorized by the state board of education).

8

Maine

Maine law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Maryland

Maryland law allows new start-ups and public school conversions, but not virtual schools.

4

Massachusetts

"Massachusetts law allows new start-ups and public school conversions, but not virtual schools.

There are two types of charter schools in the state, commonwealth charter schools and Horace Mann charter schools. Horace Mann and commonwealth charter schools differ in that a Horace Mann charter school must have its charter approved by the local school committee and, in some cases, the local teacher’s union in addition to the state board of education."

4

Michigan

Michigan law allows new start-ups and virtual schools, but not public school conversions.

6

Minnesota

Minnesota law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Mississippi

Mississippi law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Missouri

Missouri law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Nevada

Nevada law allows new start-ups and virtual schools, but not public school conversions.

6

New Hampshire

New Hampshire law allows public school conversions and new start-up schools. It is silent on virtual charter schools, but one is operating.

8

New Jersey

New Jersey law allows new start-ups and public school conversions, but not virtual schools (per the state commissioner of education’s rationale for rejecting two virtual charter school applications in 2013).

4

New Mexico

New Mexico law allows new start-ups and virtual schools, but not public school conversions.

6

New York

New York law allows new start ups and public school conversions. The law does not address virtual schools, but a provision in it that no grade can be housed at more than one site has been interpreted by authorizers as prohibiting virtual schools.

4

North Carolina

North Carolina law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Ohio

Ohio law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Oklahoma

Oklahoma law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Oregon

Oregon law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Rhode Island

Rhode Island law allows new start-ups and public school conversions, but not virtual schools.

4

South Carolina

South Carolina law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Tennessee

Tennessee law allows new start-ups and public school conversions, but not virtual schools.

4

Texas

Texas law allows new start-ups, public school campus conversions, and virtual schools. In addition, entire public school districts may convert to charter districts if a minimum of 25% of the registered voters in a school district vote in an election to approve the conversion.

8

Utah

Utah law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Virginia

Virginia law allows new start-ups and public school conversions, but not virtual schools.

4

Washington

Washington law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8

Wisconsin

Wisconsin law does not place any caps on district-authorized charter schools or on non-district authorized schools in Milwaukee. However, Wisconsin law provides that the University of Wisconsin-Parkside may only sponsor one charter school in the Racine School District that may not enroll more than 480 students. Also, the Milwaukee Public Schools has created a cap on the percentage of district students (8%) that may enroll in district schools that aren’t unionized, which includes non-instrumentality charters.

8

Wyoming

Wyoming law allows new start-ups, public school conversions, and virtual schools.

8