Measuring Up to the Model



weight: 2 | possible total: 8

15. Multischool Charter Contracts and/or Multicharter Contract Boards Allowed

15A. Oversee multiple schools linked under a single contract with independent fiscal and academic accountability for each school.

15B. Hold multiple charter contracts with independent fiscal and academic accountability for each school.

How well do states’ laws align to this component of the model law?

State

Charter Law Description

Score

Alaska

Alaska law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

Arizona

Arizona regulatory provisions regarding these arrangements require details for multi-site locations to be identified in the charter application. However, there is nothing in statute or regulation ensuring independent fiscal and academic accountability for each school.

4

Arkansas

Arkansas law makes it clear that each charter contract covers a single school site. However, it allows high-performing open enrollment charter schools to petition the authorizer for licenses to establish additional sites on existing charter contracts, with independent fiscal and academic accountability for each site.

8

California

California law allows a charter school to propose to operate at multiple sites within the school district, as long as each site is identified in the charter petition. Regulations provide for independent academic and compliance accountability for individual schools or campuses that make up a multi-site “statewide benefit” school authorized by the state. However, a multi-site school authorized by a local school or county school board is treated as a single school for all funding and accountability purposes.

California law does not explicitly address whether a single charter governing board may hold multiple charter contracts. However, under the state’s statutorily defined “permissive” Education Code, such a practice is permitted unless expressly prohibited, and such arrangements do occur in California.

6

Colorado

Colorado law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

Connecticut

Connecticut law prohibits these arrangements.

0

Delaware

Delaware law allows independent public charter school boards to hold multiple charter contracts with independent fiscal and academic accountability for each school in the following situation: highly successful charter school operators that submit an application to operate a charter school at the site of and serving students currently attending a charter school whose charter has been revoked, has not been renewed, or whose charter is on formal review and whose board has agreed to abandon their charter. If approved, the law allows these schools to open more quickly than the standard process.

8

District of Columbia

The law is silent regarding these arrangements. In practice, the PCSB allows charter schools to operate multiple campuses and requires independent academic accountability but not independent financial accountability for each campus.

2

Florida

Florida law indicates that a governing board that oversees multiple high-performing charter schools in the same district may consolidate those into a single charter. This provision (as well as actual practice) indicates that a board may hold multiple charter contracts. However, there is nothing in statute or rule that specifically requires each school to maintain independent fiscal and academic accountability.

4

Georgia

Georgia law is silent regarding these arrangements, although some multi-school charter contracts and/or multi-charter contract boards have been established in practice.

2

Hawaii

Hawaii law allows multiple schools overseen by a single governing board as well as multiple schools under a single charter contract, with all such schools still needing to report their own performance framework data.

8

Idaho

Idaho law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

Illinois

Current law allows the first 15 charter contracts in Chicago to include multiple schools with independent fiscal and academic accountability for each school, but prohibits such an arrangement in charter contracts beyond the first 15. No language exists to allow charter contracts outside the city of Chicago to include multiple schools.

2

Indiana

Indiana law provides that an organizer may hold one or more charter contract and that each charter school that is part of a charter contract must be separate and distinct from any other charter school.

8

Iowa

Iowa law does not permit multi-school charter contracts in that only one charter school is allowed per school district, as overseen by the local school board.

0

Kansas

Kansas law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

Louisiana

Louisiana law allows charter schools that have a letter grade designation of an A or B and have met the criteria for automatic renewal to open and operate two additional schools serving the same grade levels and the same enrollment boundaries as defined in the charter agreement without formal application to the authorizer. Instead, the law requires the schools to provide a notice of intent to their authorizers. The law requires authorizers to enter into a charter agreement for such additional schools.

8

Maine

Statute allows both multi-school contracts and multi-charter contract boards. It also makes clear that any charter school that contains multiple campuses operating under a single charter contact or overseen by a single governing board must report the performance of each campus and hold them independently accountable for its performance.

8

Maryland

Maryland law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

Massachusetts

Massachusetts law allows the state board of education to approve applications for replication schools received from those with a record of operating at least one school or similar program with demonstrated academic success and organizational viability, with independent fiscal and academic accountability for each school.

8

Michigan

Per statute, a charter school applicant can request to be approved to operate the same grade levels at more than one site, but there is no fiscal and academic accountability for each site.

4

Minnesota

Minnesota law allows authorizers to permit a school that meets certain criteria, including improved academic performance and growth, to expand operation to additional school sites as approved by the state commissioner following the submission of a supplemental affidavit. These additional sites however, are considered additional campuses of a given school, not separate schools.

The state department of education allows each individual campus to receive separate federal charter start-up funds and requires that the contract between the authorizer and the charter school include specific fiscal and academic accountability measures for each campus. While under one charter, each campus that is self-identified as being distinct by the charter school receives its own site number from the state department of education and receives a separate rating under the state's accountability system.

The law provides that cach charter school must have its own charter board, with such board only allowed to hold one charter contract.

8

Mississippi

Statute provides that a single charter contract may govern one or more charter schools and that a single charter school board may hold one or more charter contracts. It also provides that each school must be separate and distinct from any others and must report its performance as separate schools, being held independently accountable for its performance.

8

Missouri

Missouri law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

Nevada

Nevada law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

New Hampshire

New Hampshire law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

New Jersey

New Jersey law is silent regarding these arrangements. However, state rules include a definition of a “satellite campus” and allows schools to amend their charters to open a satellite campus in certain districts (those with a priority school or in a former Abbott District), enabling high quality schools to expand their capacity to serve additional students by operating an additional facility. No language is provided regarding the independent fiscal and academic accountability for each campus.

4

New Mexico

New Mexico law is silent regarding these arrangements. In practice, the state allows independent public charter school boards to oversee multiple schools linked under a single contract, but does not require independent fiscal and academic accountability for each school.

2

New York

New York law allows each school to be issued a charter as counted toward the cap with individual performance goals, but these can be under a larger charter agreement that involves the same board governance structure for more than one school.

New York law allows an education corporation to operate more than one school or house any grade at more than one site, provided that a charter is issued for each additional school or site with each charter issued and overseen in accordance with all requirements.

8

North Carolina

North Carolina law is silent regarding multi-school charter contracts and multi-charter contracts boards. However, state board polices include a definition of a charter school that is to be used in determining whether the status of a charter school or charter school applicant is either one school or actually more than one school, and indicates that multiple schools may be approved for funding once such determination is made. In addition, although this information is not counted within this analysis (since these provisions are not codified in state law or state board policy), the application specifically seeks information for charter school replications as to whether the proposed charter school is to be governed by an existing charter school board or a new board. Thus, there are some vague references in state policy to these issues (although nothing specifically indicates that such schools must have independent fiscal and academic accountability for each school).

4

Ohio

Ohio law allows a single contract to cover multiple sites. But the law specifically requires that the contract be treated as a single school for report card and other purposes.

While the law is silent on whether a charter board can hold and oversee multiple charter contracts, it allows governing board members to serve on up to five governing boards simultaneously.

4

Oklahoma

Oklahoma law provides that a charter school may consist of new school sites, but does not require each school to be independently accountable for fiscal and academic performance.

4

Oregon

Oregon law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania law requires that each charter school have its own separate charter contract and its own board of trustees and therefore prohibits these arrangements.

0

Rhode Island

Rhode Island Law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

South Carolina

South Carolina law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

Tennessee

Tennessee law is silent regarding multi-school charter contracts and multi-charter contracts boards. In practice, some independent public charter school boards are overseeing multiple charter contracts.

2

Texas

Texas law and regulations allow an independent public charter school board to oversee multiple schools linked under a single contract with independent fiscal and academic accountability for each school.

Texas law provides that approval of the commissioner is not required for establishment of a new open-enrollment charter school campus if: a charter holder has an accreditation status of accredited and at least 50 percent of its student population in grades assessed or at least 50 percent of the students in the grades assessed having been enrolled in the school for at least three school years; the charter holder is currently evaluated under the standard accountability procedures for evaluation and received a district rating in the highest or second highest performance rating category for three of the last five years with at least 75 percent of the campuses rated under the charter also receiving a rating in the highest or second highest performance rating category and with no campus with a rating in the lowest performance rating category in the most recent ratings; the charter holder provides written notice to the commissioner of the establishment of any new campus in the time, manner, and form provided by rule of the commissioner; and not later than the 60th day after the date the charter holder provides written notice, the commissioner does not provide written notice to the charter holder of disapproval of a new campus.

8

Utah

Regulations allow existing charter schools authorized by the state charter board to apply for up to three satellite schools by amending the original charter. Regulations also state that a satellite school shall be independently accountable for financial reporting and its own AYP report.

6

Virginia

Virginia law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

Washington

Statute provides that a single charter contract may govern one or more charter schools and that a single charter school board may hold one or more charter contracts. It also provides that each school must be separate and distinct from any others and must report its performance as separate schools, being held independently accountable for its performance.

8

Wisconsin

Wisconsin law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2

Wyoming

Wyoming law is silent regarding these arrangements.

2