Measuring Up



Oregon

TOTAL SCORE:
35 out of 116

Rank: 25 out of 26

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state and recommendations to support the growth of high-quality charter schools.

What is the state of charter schools in Oregon?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2013–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

124

6%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2013–14)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

28,581

5%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2012–13)

0

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

79%

64%

15%

Black

2%

2%

0%

Hispanic

9%

22%

-13%

Asian

2%

5%

-3%

Other

7%

7%

0%

Total minority

20%

36%

-16%

 

4. Students in special populations (2012–13)

0

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

21%

53%

-32%

Special education status

N/A

N/A

N/A

English learner status

N/A

N/A

N/A

Total special student populations

21%

53%

-32%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2011–12)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

22%

26%

-4%

Suburb

16%

18%

-2%

Town

19%

27%

-8%

Rural

43%

28%

15%

Total nonsuburban

84%

82%

2%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2012–13)

0

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

0

 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2009–14)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

18

Average Annual Open Rate

8.9%

2010–11

14

2011–12

9

2012–13

8

2013–14

2

Total number

51

 

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2008–13)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2008–09

3

Average Annual Closure Rate

2.6%

2009–10

8

2010–11

2

2011–12

0

2012–13

1

Total number

14

 

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Public charter schools reporting use of various innovative practices (2011–12)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

Extended day (30 minutes or more each day compared to traditional public schools)

26

Average

19%

Extended year (10 or more days compared to traditional public schools)

8

Year-round calendar

2

Independent study

34

School-to-work

12

Higher education courses

32

 
 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

0

weight = 4 | Possible total = 16

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

-22

 

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

0

weight = 4 | Possible total = 16

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

-50

 

 

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2012–13)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

85%

15%

 

 

 

Public charter schools that are independent, associated with a CMO, or associated with an EMO (2010–11)

 

Number

Percentage

 

 

Independent

100

93%

 

 

Charter management organization

6

6%

 

 

Education management organization

2

2%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2013–14)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

75

120

2

97%

State education agency

1

4

4

3%

Independent charter board

Noneducational government entity

Higher education institution

Nonprofit

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2012–13)

Number of virtual public charter school students

6,637

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

25%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

12

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

11%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

Oregon’s public charter school movement ranked #25 out of 26, scoring 35 points out of 116.

Oregon scored relatively well on the following indicators:

  • Fifty-one public charters opened between 2009–10 and 2013–14 in Oregon, an 8.9 percent average annual open rate.
  • Fourteen public charter schools closed between 2008–09 and 2012–13 in Oregon, a 2.6 percent average annual closure rate.

Oregon scored relatively low on the following indicators:

  • Only 5 percent of the state’s public school students were charter students in 2013–14.
  • The state’s public charter schools served a lower percentage of racial and ethnic minority students (16 percentage points less) when compared with traditional public schools during 2012–13.
  • Public charter schools in Oregon served a lower percentage of free and reduced-price lunch students (32 percentage points less) when compared with traditional public schools during 2012–13.
  • There were no communities in the state with more than 10 percent of public school students in charters during 2012–13.
  • On average, public charter school students exhibited lower academic growth when compared with traditional public school students between 2007–08 and 2010–11 (22 days less in reading and 50 days less in math).

In addition to the above points, we also offer the following observations about the movement in Oregon:

  • Six percent of the state’s public schools were charters in 2013–14.
  • Eighty-four percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas in 2011–12 as compared to 82 percent of traditional public schools.
  • An average of 19 percent of the state’s public charter schools reported using one of the six innovative practices that we tracked in 2011–12.
  • Eighty-five percent of the state’s public charter schools were startups, and 15 percent were conversions during 2012–13.
  • In 2010–11, 93 percent of the public charter schools in Oregon were independently managed, 6 percent were associated with a nonprofit charter management organization, and 2 percent were associated with a for-profit educational management organization.
  • Oregon law provides that local school boards are the only authorizers of first resort. If a local school board denies a proposal, an applicant may appeal the decision of the local school board to the state board of education or submit a proposal to an institution of higher education. If one of these entities approves the application, it becomes the authorizer. As of 2013–14, 75 local school boards had approved 120 public charter schools (97 percent of the state’s public charter schools), and the state board of education had authorized four public charter schools (3 percent).
  • There were 12 virtual public charter schools in Oregon in 2012–13, educating 6,637 students (25 percent of the state’s public charter school population).

Recommendations

Oregon has a notable population of public charter schools and a small population of public charter school students. Such students, on average, are not performing as well as their peers in traditional public schools, although it is important to note that the most recent student academic growth data available are from 2010–11.

To better support the growth of high-quality public charter schools, we recommend that the state change its law to provide additional authorizing options, strengthen accountability, and ensure equitable operational funding and equitable access to capital funding and facilities. We also encourage the state to explore why public charter schools are serving lower percentages of racial and ethnic minority students and free and reduced-price lunch students and to ensure that authorizers are closing chronically low-performing charters.