Measuring Up



Oregon

TOTAL SCORE:
45 out of 132

Rank: 18 out of 18

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state.

What is the state of charter schools in Oregon?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2014–15)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

125

9%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2014–15)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

29,791

5%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2013–14)

0

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

78%

64%

14%

Black

2%

2%

0%

Hispanic

10%

23%

-13%

Asian

2%

4%

-2%

Other

8%

7%

1%

Total minority

22%

36%

-14%

 

4. Students in special populations (2013–14)

0

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

24%

52%

-28%

Special education status

N/A

N/A

N/A

English learner status

N/A

N/A

N/A

Total special student populations

24%

52%

-28%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

19%

28%

-9%

Suburb

20%

21%

-1%

Town

19%

25%

-6%

Rural

42%

26%

16%

Total nonsuburban

80%

79%

1%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2013–14)

1

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

1

   
 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2010–15)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2010–11

14

Average Annual Open Rate

5.6%

2011–12

9

2012–13

8

2013–14

2

2014–15

2

Total number

35

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2009–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

8

Average Annual Closure Rate

1.9%

2010–11

2

2011–12

0

2012–13

1

2013–14

1

Total number

12

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Percentage of charter schools with an identified special focus (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

No Excuses

0%

Total

42%

STEM

4%

Arts

3%

Classical

2%

Purposely diverse

0%

Single sex

0%

International/Foreign language

7%

Montessori/Waldorf

24%

Dropout/Expulsion recovery

0%

Military

1%

Vocational training

7%

Public policy/Citizenship

0%

 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

0

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

-22

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

0

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

-50

 

 

 

12. Percentage point change in top categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

Purple

17%

11%

-6%

Met Alternative Standard

34%

39%

5%

Total

51%

50%

-1%

 

13. Percentage point change in bottom categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

Orange

17%

15%

-2%

Red

13%

9%

-4%

Total

30%

24%

-6%

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2014–15)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

84%

16%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2014–15)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

74

121

2

97%

State education agency

1

4

4

3%

Independent charter board

Noneducational government entity

Higher education institution

Nonprofit

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2013–14)

Number of virtual public charter school students

3,947

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

14%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

3

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

2%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

Oregon’s charter public school movement ranked #18 out of 18, scoring 45 points out of 132.

Oregon scored relatively well on the following indicator:

  • Between 2012-13 and 2013-14, the percentage of charter public schools performing in the bottom two categories of the state’s accountability system decreased by 6 percentage points (from 30 percent to 24 percent).

Oregon scored relatively low on the following indicators:

  • In 2014-15, only 5 percent of the state’s public school students were charter students.
  • During 2013-14, the state’s charter public schools served a lower percentage of racial and ethnic minority students (14 percentage points less) when compared with traditional public schools.
  • During 2013-14, charter public schools in Oregon served a lower percentage of free and reduced-price lunch students (28 percentage points less) when compared with traditional public schools.
  • During 2014-15, only one community in the state had more than 10 percent of its public school students in charters.
  • Between 2007-08 and 2010-11, charter public school students exhibited lower academic growth (22 days less in reading and 50 days less in math), on average, when compared with traditional public school students.

In addition to the above points, we also offer the following observations about the movement in Oregon:

  • In 2014-15, 9 percent of the state’s public schools were charters.
  • In 2012-13, 80 percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas as compared with 79 percent of traditional public schools.
  • Between 2010-11 and 2014-15, 35 public charters opened in Oregon, a 5.6 percent average annual open rate.
  • Between 2009-10 and 2013-14, 12 charter public schools closed in Oregon, a 1.9 percent average annual closure rate.
  • In 2012-13, 42 percent of the state’s charter public schools were special-focus schools.
  • Between 2012-13 and 2013-14, the percentage of charter public schools performing in the top two categories of the state’s accountability system decreased by 1 percentage point (from 51 percent to 50 percent).
  • During 2014-15, 84 percent of the state’s charter public schools were start-ups and 16 percent were conversions.
  • Oregon law provides that local school boards are the only authorizers of first resort. If a local school board denies a proposal, an applicant may appeal the decision of the local school board to the state board of education or submit a proposal to an institution of higher education. If one of these entities approves the application, it becomes the authorizer. As of 2014-15, 84 local school boards had approved 121 charter public schools (97 percent of the state’s charter public schools) and the state board of education had authorized four charter public schools (3 percent).
  • In 2013-14, three full-time virtual charter public schools operated in Oregon, educating 3,947 students (2 percent of the state’s charter public school population).

concluding thoughts

  • As part of improving the health of its charter public school movement, Oregon needs to strengthen its law, particularly related to providing additional authorizing options, strengthening accountability, and ensuring equitable funding and facilities support.
  • While many successful charter public schools operate in Oregon, the performance of the movement as a whole needs to improve, as demonstrated by CREDO’s National Charter School Study 2013. We encourage the state to ensure that authorizers are closing chronically low-performing charters.
  • We also encourage the state to explore why charter public schools serve lower percentages of racial and ethnic minority students and free and reduced-price lunch students when compared with traditional public schools.