Measuring Up



Ohio

TOTAL SCORE:
56 out of 116

Rank: 17 out of 26

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state and recommendations to support the growth of high-quality charter schools.

What is the state of charter schools in Ohio?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2013–14)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

400

11%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2013–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

123,778

7%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

42%

76%

-34%

Black

45%

14%

31%

Hispanic

6%

4%

2%

Asian

1%

2%

-1%

Other

5%

4%

1%

Total minority

57%

24%

33%

 

4. Students in special populations (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

74%

43%

31%

Special education status

N/A

N/A

N/A

English learner status

16%

14%

2%

Total special student populations

90%

57%

33%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2011–12)

6

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

72%

17%

55%

Suburb

16%

35%

-19%

Town

7%

15%

-8%

Rural

5%

33%

-28%

Total nonsuburban

84%

65%

19%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2012–13)

3

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

7

 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2009–14)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

14

Average Annual Open Rate

9%

2010–11

38

2011–12

30

2012–13

34

2013–14

45

Total number

161

 

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2008–13)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2008–09

19

Average Annual Closure Rate

4.5%

2009–10

19

2010–11

13

2011–12

8

2012–13

19

Total number

78

 

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Public charter schools reporting use of various innovative practices (2011–12)

6

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

Extended day (30 minutes or more each day compared to traditional public schools)

53

Average

28%

Extended year (10 or more days compared to traditional public schools)

38

Year-round calendar

13

Independent study

34

School-to-work

17

Higher education courses

15

 
 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

0

weight = 4 | Possible total = 16

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

-14

 

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

0

weight = 4 | Possible total = 16

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

-43

 

 

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2012–13)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

84%

16%

 

 

 

Public charter schools that are independent, associated with a CMO, or associated with an EMO (2010–11)

 

Number

Percentage

 

 

Independent

171

50%

 

 

Charter management organization

68

20%

 

 

Education management organization

101

30%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2013–14)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

60

179

3

45%

State education agency

1

16

16

4%

Independent charter board

-

-

-

-

Noneducational government entity

-

-

-

-

Higher education institution

3

56

19

14%

Nonprofit

6

149

25

37%

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2012–13)

Number of virtual public charter school students

38,519

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

32%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

23

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

6%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

Ohio’s public charter school movement ranked #17 out of 26, scoring 56 points out of 116.

Ohio scored relatively well on the following indicators:

  • Eleven percent of the state’s public schools were charters in 2013–14.
  • Eighty-four percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas during 2011–12 as compared to 65 percent of traditional public schools.
  • Seven communities in Ohio had more than 10 percent of their public school students in charters during 2012–13.
  • One hundred sixty-one public charters opened between 2009–10 and 2013–14 in Ohio, a 9 percent average annual open rate.
  • Seventy-eight public charter schools closed between 2008–09 and 2012–13, a 4.5 percent average annual closure rate.
  • An average of 28 percent of the state’s public charter schools reported using one of the six innovative practices that we tracked in 2011–12.

Ohio scored relatively low on the following indicators:

  • On average, public charter school students exhibited lower academic growth when compared with traditional public school students between 2007-08 and 2010–11 (14 fewer days in reading and 43 fewer days in math).

In addition to the above points, we also offer the following observations about the movement in Ohio:

  • Seven percent of the state’s public school students were charter students in 2013–14.
  • Ohio’s public charter schools served a significantly higher percentage of racial and ethnic minority students as compared to the traditional public schools in 2012–13 (33 percentage points more).
  • Public charter schools in Ohio served a significantly higher percentage of students in special populations during 2012–13 (33 percentage points more) when compared with traditional public schools.
  • Eighty-four percent of the state’s public charter schools were startups, and 16 percent were conversions in 2012–13.
  • In 2010–11, 50 percent of the public charter schools in Ohio were independently managed, 20 percent were associated with a nonprofit charter management organization, and 30 percent were associated with a for-profit educational management organization.
  • As of 2013–14, 60 local school boards had authorized 179 public charter schools (45 percent of the state’s total number of public charter schools), the state board of education had authorized 16 public charters (4 percent), three higher education institutions had authorized 56 public charters (14 percent), and six nonprofit organizations had authorized 149 public charters (37 percent).
  • There were 23 virtual public charter schools in Ohio in 2012–13, serving 38,519 students (32 percent of the state’s public charter school population).

Recommendations

Ohio has notable populations of public charter schools and public charter school students. However, such students, on average, are not performing as well as their peers in traditional public schools, although it is important to note that the most recent student academic growth data available are from 2010–11.

To better support the growth of high-quality public charter schools, we recommend that the state change its law to further strengthen its accountability policies by improving the charter school approval process, charter school oversight, and the charter school renewal and closure process and provide more equitable funding and facilities support to charters. We also encourage the state to ensure that authorizers are closing chronically low-performing charters and to shut down low-performing authorizers.