Measuring Up



New Mexico

TOTAL SCORE:
48 out of 132

Rank: 16 out of 18

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state.

What is the state of charter schools in New Mexico?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2014–15)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

97

11%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2014–15)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

22,715

7%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2013–14)

2

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

33%

24%

9%

Black

3%

2%

1%

Hispanic

56%

61%

-5%

Asian

1%

1%

0%

Other

7%

12%

-5%

Total minority

67%

76%

-9%

 

4. Students in special populations (2013–14)

0

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

51%

68%

-17%

Special education status

N/A

N/A

N/A

English learner status

N/A

N/A

N/A

Total special student populations

51%

68%

-17%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

53%

22%

31%

Suburb

14%

10%

4%

Town

17%

30%

-13%

Rural

16%

38%

-22%

Total nonsuburban

86%

90%

-4%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2014–15)

1

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

2

   
 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2010–15)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2010–11

9

Average Annual Open Rate

6.2%

2011–12

3

2012–13

11

2013–14

3

2014–15

4

Total number

30

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2009–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

0

Average Annual Closure Rate

1.1%

2010–11

0

2011–12

1

2012–13

2

2013–14

2

Total number

5

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Percentage of charter schools with an identified special focus (2012–13)

8

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

No Excuses

2%

Total

60%

STEM

5%

Arts

6%

Classical

3%

Purposely diverse

0%

Single sex

1%

International/Foreign language

10%

Montessori/Waldorf

15%

Dropout/Expulsion recovery

14%

Military

1%

Vocational training

7%

Public policy/Citizenship

0%

 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

0

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

0

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

-29

 

 

 

12. Percentage point change in top categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

A

22%

22%

0%

B

30%

25%

-5%

Total

52%

47%

-5%

 

13. Percentage point change in bottom categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

0

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

D

9%

24%

15%

F

9%

9%

0%

Total

18%

33%

15%

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2014–15)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

99%

1%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2014–15)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

18

42

2

43%

State education agency

1

55

55

57%

Independent charter board

Noneducational government entity

Higher education institution

Nonprofit

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2013–14)

Number of virtual public charter school students

481

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

2%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

1

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

1%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

New Mexico’s charter public school movement ranked #16 out of 18, scoring 48 points out of 132.

New Mexico scored relatively well on the following indicators:

  • In 2014-15, 11 percent of the state’s public schools were charters.
  • In 2012-13, 60 percent of the state’s charter public schools were special-focus schools.

New Mexico scored relatively low on the following indicators:

  • In 2013-14, the state’s charter public schools served a lower percentage of racial and ethnic minority students (9 percentage points less) when compared with traditional public schools.
  • In 2013-14, charter public schools in New Mexico served a lower percentage of free and reduced-price lunch students (17 percentage points less) when compared with traditional public schools.
  • In 2014-15, only two communities in New Mexico had more than 10 percent of their public school students in charters.
  • Between 2007-08 and 2010-11, charter public school students exhibited lower academic growth in match (29 fewer days), on average, when compared with traditional public school students , while performing the same in reading.
  • Between 2012-13 and 2013-14, the percentage of charter public schools performing in the top two categories of the state’s accountability system decreased by 5 percentage points (from 52 percent to 47 percent).
  • Between 2012-13 and 2013-14, the percentage of charter public schools performing in the bottom two categories of the state’s accountability system increased by 15 percentage points (from 18 percent to 33 percent).

In addition to the above points, we also offer the following observations about the movement in New Mexico:

  • In 2013-14, 7 percent of the state’s public school students were charter students.
  • In 2012-13, 86 percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas as compared with 90 percent of traditional public schools.
  • Between 2010-11 and 2014-15, 30 public charters opened in New Mexico, a 6.2 percent average annual open rate
  • Between 2009-10 and 2013-14, five charter public schools closed, a 1.1 percent average annual closure rate.
  • During 2014-15, 99 percent of charter public schools in New Mexico were start-ups and 1 percent were conversions.
  • As of 2014-15, 18 local school boards had authorized 42 charter public schools (43 percent of the state’s total number of charter public schools) and the state’s public education commission had authorized 55 charter public schools (57 percent).
  • In 2013-14, one full-time virtual charter public school operated in New Mexico, serving 481 students (2 percent of the state’s charter public school population).

concluding thoughts

  • As a result of significant changes made to its law in 2011, New Mexico has a relatively good charter school law, providing the foundation from which to improve the health of its charter school movement.
  • In New Mexico, a relatively high percentage of the state’s public schools are charters, showing a high demand for these innovative public school options.
  • New Mexico also has a relatively high percentage of special-focus schools, showing that charters are providing a diverse array of options for students and educators.
  • While there are many successful charter public schools in New Mexico, the performance of the movement as a whole needs to improve, as demonstrated by the four quality metrics in this report. We encourage the state to ensure that authorizers are closing chronically low-performing charters.
  • We also encourage the state to explore why charter public schools are serving lower percentages of racial and ethnic minority students and free and reduced-price lunch students than traditional public schools.