Measuring Up



New Mexico

TOTAL SCORE:
44 out of 116

Rank: 21 out of 26

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state and recommendations to support the growth of high-quality charter schools.

What is the state of charter schools in New Mexico?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2013–14)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

95

11%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2013–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

21,376

6%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2012–13)

2

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

33%

26%

7%

Black

3%

2%

1%

Hispanic

55%

60%

-5%

Asian

1%

1%

0%

Other

8%

11%

-3%

Total minority

67%

74%

-7%

 

4. Students in special populations (2011–12)

0

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

33%

70%

-37%

Special education status

N/A

N/A

N/A

English learner status

N/A

N/A

N/A

Total special student populations

33%

70%

-37%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2011–12)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

55%

21%

34%

Suburb

11%

8%

3%

Town

13%

29%

-16%

Rural

21%

41%

-20%

Total nonsuburban

89%

92%

-3%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2012–13)

1

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

2

 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2009–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

6

Average Annual Open Rate

7.5%

2010–11

9

2011–12

3

2012–13

11

2013–14

3

Total number

32

 

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2008–13)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2008–09

1

Average Annual Closure Rate

1%

2009–10

0

2010–11

0

2011–12

1

2012–13

2

Total number

4

 

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Public charter schools reporting use of various innovative practices (2011–12)

6

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

Extended day (30 minutes or more each day compared to traditional public schools)

50

Average

35%

Extended year (10 or more days compared to traditional public schools)

32

Year-round calendar

12

Independent study

32

School-to-work

27

Higher education courses

59

 
 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

4

weight = 4 | Possible total = 16

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

0

 

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

0

weight = 4 | Possible total = 16

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

-29

 

 

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2012–13)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

99%

1%

 

 

 

Public charter schools that are independent, associated with a CMO, or associated with an EMO (2010–11)

 

Number

Percentage

 

 

Independent

80

99%

 

 

Charter management organization

1

1%

 

 

Education management organization

0

0%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2013–14)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

18

42

2

44%

State education agency

Independent charter board

1

53

53

56%

Noneducational government entity

Higher education institution

Nonprofit

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2012–13)

Number of virtual public charter school students

498

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

3%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

1

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

1%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

New Mexico’s public charter school movement ranked #21 out of 26, scoring 44 points out of 116.

New Mexico scored relatively well on the following indicators:

  • Eleven percent of the state’s public schools were charters in 2013–14.
  • An average of 35 percent of the state’s public charter schools reported using one of the six innovative practices that we tracked in 2011–12.

New Mexico scored relatively low on the following indicators:

  • The state’s public charter schools served a lower percentage of racial and ethnic minority students when compared with traditional public schools in 2012–13 (7 percentage points less).
  • In 2011–12, public charter schools in New Mexico served a lower percentage of free and reduced-price lunch students when compared with traditional public schools (37 percentage points less).
  • Only two communities in New Mexico had more than 10 percent of their public school students in charters in 2012–13.
  • On average, public charter school students exhibited lower academic growth in math when compared with traditional public school students between 2007–08 and 2010–11 (29 fewer days), while performing the same in reading.

In addition to the above points, we also offer the following observations about the movement in New Mexico:

  • Six percent of the state’s public school students were charter students in 2012–13.
  • Eighty-nine percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas in 2011–12 as compared to 92 percent of traditional public schools.
  • Thirty-two public charters opened in New Mexico between 2009–10 and 2013–14, a 7.5 percent average annual open rate.
  • Four public charter schools closed between 2008–09 and 2012–13, a 1 percent average annual closure rate.
  • Ninety-nine percent of public charter schools in New Mexico were startups, and 1 percent were conversions during 2012–13.
  • In 2010–11, 99 percent of the public charter schools in New Mexico were independently managed, and 1 percent was associated with a nonprofit charter management organization. None were associated with a for-profit educational management organization.
  • As of 2013–14, 18 local school boards had authorized 42 public charter schools (44 percent of the state’s total number of public charter schools), and the state’s public education commission had authorized 53 public charter schools (56 percent).
  • There was one virtual public charter school in New Mexico in 2012–13, serving 498 students (3 percent of the state’s public charter school population).

Recommendations

New Mexico has notable populations of public charter schools and public charter school students. Such students, on average, are performing as well in reading as their peers in traditional public schools but not as well in math, although it is important to note that the most recent student academic growth data available are from 2010–11.

Recognizing these strengths and weaknesses in the movement, New Mexico charter school supporters pressed the state to enact significant changes to the public charter school law in 2011, primarily related to charter school accountability. We are optimistic that these changes will yield stronger achievement results as more current data become available.

To better support the growth of high-quality public charter schools, we encourage the state to change its law to provide more operational autonomy and more equitable funding to charters. We also encourage the state to explore why public charter schools are serving lower percentages of racial and ethnic minority students and free and reduced-price lunch students than traditional public schools and to ensure that authorizers are closing chronically low-performing charters.