Measuring Up



New Jersey

Not scored

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state.

What is the state of charter schools in New Jersey?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2014–15)

N/A

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

87

3%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2014–15)

N/A

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

37,259

3%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2013–14)

N/A

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

10%

50%

-40%

Black

55%

15%

40%

Hispanic

29%

24%

5%

Asian

5%

9%

-4%

Other

1%

2%

-1%

Total minority

90%

50%

40%

 

4. Students in special populations (2013–14)

N/A

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

66%

37%

29%

Special education status

N/A

N/A

N/A

English learner status

N/A

N/A

N/A

Total special student populations

66%

37%

29%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2012–13)

N/A

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

58%

9%

49%

Suburb

38%

79%

-41%

Town

1%

3%

-2%

Rural

3%

9%

-6%

Total nonsuburban

62%

21%

41%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2014–15)

N/A

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

4

   
 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2010–15)

N/A

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2010–11

8

Average Annual Open Rate

10.6%

2011–12

13

2012–13

14

2013–14

6

2014–15

5

Total number

46

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2009–14)

N/A

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

2

Average Annual Closure Rate

4.4%

2010–11

2

2011–12

3

2012–13

7

2013–14

5

Total number

19

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Percentage of charter schools with an identified special focus (2012–13)

N/A

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

No Excuses

23%

Total

52%

STEM

4%

Arts

5%

Classical

1%

Purposely diverse

0%

Single sex

1%

International/Foreign language

2%

Montessori/Waldorf

18%

Dropout/Expulsion recovery

0%

Military

0%

Vocational training

0%

Public policy/Citizenship

2%

 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

N/A

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

43

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

N/A

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

58

 

 

 

12. Percentage point change in top categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

N/A

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

 

 

 

 

13. Percentage point change in bottom categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

N/A

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

 

 

 

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2014–15)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

98%

2%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2014–15)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

State education agency

1

87

87

100%

Independent charter board

Noneducational government entity

Higher education institution

Nonprofit

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2013–14)

Number of virtual public charter school students

0

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

0%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

0

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

0%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

New Jersey’s charter public school law was enacted in 1995. In our most recent rankings of state charter school laws, it ranked #36 out of 43. New Jersey’s law does not cap charter school growth and provides a fair amount of accountability, but it includes only a single authorizing path and provides insufficient autonomy and inequitable funding to charters.

 A state’s charter public school movement had to meet three conditions to be scored and ranked in this year’s report. First, the movement had to serve at least 2 percent of the state’s public school students. Second, the state had to participate in CREDO’s National Charter School Study 2013 so that we had a measure of student academic growth data for its charter public schools in comparison with its traditional public schools. Third, the state had to have a state accountability system in place that categorized all public schools on the basis of performance in 2012-13 and 2013-14. New Jersey’s movement did not meet at least one of these conditions, so we did not score and rank it in this year’s report.

However, below we provide the data we were able to gather. Based on this information, we offer the following observations:

  • In 2014-15, 3 percent of the state’s public schools were charters.
  • In 2014-15, 3 percent of the state’s public school students were charter students.
  • In 2013-14, the state’s charter public schools served a significantly higher percentage of racial and ethnic minority students (40 percentage points more) when compared with traditional public schools.
  • In 2013-14, the state’s charter public schools served a significantly higher percentage of free and reduced-price lunch students (29 percentage points more) when compared with traditional public schools.
  • In 2013-14, 62 percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas as compared with 21 percent of traditional public schools.
  • In 2014-15, four communities in New Jersey had more than 10 percent of their public school students in charters.
  • In 2012-13, 52 percent of the state’s charter public schools were special-focus schools.
  • Between 2010-11 and 2014-15, 46 public charters opened in New Jersey, a 10.6 percent average annual open rate.
  • Between 2009-10 and 2013-14, 19 public charters closed in New Jersey, a 4.4 percent average annual closure rate.
  • Between 2007-08 and 2010-11, charter public school students exhibited significantly higher academic growth (43 more days in reading and 58 more days in math), on average, when compared with traditional public school students.
  • During 2014-15, 98 percent of the state’s charter public schools were start-ups, and 2 percent were conversions.
  • The only authorizer in New Jersey is the state department of education. As of 2014-15, the state department of education had authorized 87 charter public schools.
  • In 2013-14, no full-time virtual charter public schools operated in New Jersey.