Measuring Up



Missouri

TOTAL SCORE:
57 out of 116

Rank: 15 out of 26

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state and recommendations to support the growth of high-quality charter schools.

What is the state of charter schools in Missouri?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2013–14)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

38

2%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2013–14)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

19,439

2%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

14%

75%

-61%

Black

69%

16%

53%

Hispanic

13%

5%

8%

Asian

2%

2%

0%

Other

2%

3%

-1%

Total minority

86%

26%

60%

 

4. Students in special populations (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

81%

48%

33%

Special education status

N/A

N/A

N/A

English learner status

N/A

N/A

N/A

Total special student populations

81%

48%

33%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2011–12)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

98%

14%

84%

Suburb

0%

20%

-20%

Town

0%

18%

-18%

Rural

2%

47%

-45%

Total nonsuburban

100%

80%

20%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2012–13)

1

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

2

 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2009–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

6

Average Annual Open Rate

11.3%

2010–11

5

2011–12

6

2012–13

2

2013–14

2

Total number

21

 

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2008–13)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2008–09

1

Average Annual Closure Rate

6.3%

2009–10

2

2010–11

1

2011–12

5

2012–13

2

Total number

11

 

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Public charter schools reporting use of various innovative practices (2011–12)

6

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

Extended day (30 minutes or more each day compared to traditional public schools)

75

Average

30%

Extended year (10 or more days compared to traditional public schools)

53

Year-round calendar

18

Independent study

12

School-to-work

0

Higher education courses

25

 
 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

8

weight = 4 | Possible total = 16

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

14

 

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

12

weight = 4 | Possible total = 16

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

22

 

 

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2012–13)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

100%

0%

 

 

 

Public charter schools that are independent, associated with a CMO, or associated with an EMO (2010–11)

 

Number

Percentage

 

 

Independent

28

78%

 

 

Charter management organization

3

8%

 

 

Education management organization

5

14%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2013–14)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

1

1

1

3%

State education agency

Independent charter board

Noneducational government entity

Higher education institution

11

37

3

97%

Nonprofit

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2012–13)

Number of virtual public charter school students

0

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

0%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

0

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

0%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

Missouri’s public charter school movement ranked #15 out of 26, scoring 57 points out of 116.

Missouri scored relatively well on the following indicators:

  • Twenty-one public charters opened in Missouri between 2009–10 and 2013–14, an 11.3 percent average annual open rate.
  • An average of 30 percent of the state’s public charter schools reported using one of the six innovative practices that we tracked in 2011–12.
  • On average, public charter school students exhibited higher academic growth in math when compared with traditional public school students between 2007–08 and 2010–11 (22 more days).

Missouri scored relatively low on the following indicators:

  • Only 2 percent of the state’s public schools were charters in 2013–14.
  • Only 2 percent of the state’s public school students were charter students in 2013–14.
  • Only two communities in Missouri had more than 10 percent of their public school students in charters in 2012–13.

In addition to the above points, we also offer the following observations about the movement in Missouri:

  • The state’s public charter schools served a significantly higher percentage of racial and ethnic minority students than traditional public schools in 2012–13 (60 percentage points more).
  • The state’s public charter schools served a significantly higher percentage of free and reduced-price lunch students than traditional public schools in 2012–13 (33 percentage points more).
  • During 2011–12, 100 percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas as compared to 80 percent of traditional public schools.
  • Eleven public charter schools closed in Missouri between 2008–09 and 2012–13, a 6.3 percent average annual closure rate.
  • On average, public charter school students exhibited higher academic growth in reading when compared with traditional public school students between 2007–08 and 2010–11 (14 more days).
  • One hundred percent of the state’s public charter schools were startups in 2012–13.
  • In 2010–11, 78 percent of the public charter schools in Missouri were independently managed, 8 percent were associated with a nonprofit charter management organization, and 14 percent were associated with a for-profit educational management organization.
  • As of 2013–14, one local school board had authorized one public charter school (3 percent of the state’s total number of public charters), and 11 higher educational institutions had authorized 37 public charter schools (97 percent).
  • There were no virtual public charter schools in Missouri in 2012–13.

Recommendations

Missouri has small proportions of public charter schools and public charter school students. However, such students, on average, are performing better than their peers in traditional public schools in reading and math, although it is important to note that the most recent student academic growth data available are from 2010–11.

We encourage Missouri to enact policies to increase the impact of such success, including ensuring equitable operational funding and equitable access to capital funding and facilities. We also encourage the state to promote the expansion of public charter schools beyond the small number of districts in which they are operating.