Measuring Up



Missouri

TOTAL SCORE:
68 out of 132

Rank: 10 out of 18

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state.

What is the state of charter schools in Missouri?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2014–15)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

51

2%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2014–15)

0

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

19,737

2%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2013–14)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

15%

74%

-59%

Black

66%

15%

51%

Hispanic

14%

5%

9%

Asian

2%

3%

-1%

Other

3%

3%

0%

Total minority

85%

26%

59%

 

4. Students in special populations (2013–14)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

82%

49%

33%

Special education status

N/A

N/A

N/A

English learner status

N/A

N/A

N/A

Total special student populations

82%

49%

33%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

98%

15%

83%

Suburb

2%

24%

-22%

Town

0%

20%

-20%

Rural

0%

41%

-41%

Total nonsuburban

98%

76%

22%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2014–15)

1

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

2

   
 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2010–15)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2010–11

9

Average Annual Open Rate

9.8%

2011–12

6

2012–13

4

2013–14

3

2014–15

3

Total number

25

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2009–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

2

Average Annual Closure Rate

11.6%

2010–11

2

2011–12

12

2012–13

5

2013–14

1

Total number

22

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Percentage of charter schools with an identified special focus (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

No Excuses

8%

Total

36%

STEM

4%

Arts

4%

Classical

0%

Purposely diverse

0%

Single sex

0%

International/Foreign language

8%

Montessori/Waldorf

9%

Dropout/Expulsion recovery

4%

Military

0%

Vocational training

0%

Public policy/Citizenship

0%

 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

14

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

22

 

 

 

12. Percentage point change in top categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

90 to 100

28%

19%

-9%

80 to 89

17%

26%

9%

Total

45%

45%

0%

 

13. Percentage point change in bottom categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

12

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

60 to 69

5%

6%

1%

Less than 60

35%

19%

-16%

Total

40%

25%

-15%

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2014–15)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

100%

0%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2014–15)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

1

1

1

2%

State education agency

Independent charter board

Noneducational government entity

Higher education institution

11

51

5

98%

Nonprofit

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2013–14)

Number of virtual public charter school students

0

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

0%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

0

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

0%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

Missouri’s charter public school movement ranked #10 out of 18, scoring 68 points out of 132.

Missouri scored relatively well on the following indicators:

  • Between 2010-11 and 2014-15, 25 public charters opened in Missouri, a 9.8 percent average annual open rate.
  • In 2012-13, 36 percent of the state’s charter public schools were special-focus schools.
  • Between 2007-08 and 2010-11, charter public school students exhibited higher academic growth in match (22 more days), on average, when compared with traditional public school students.
  • Between 2012-13 and 2013-14, the percentage of charter public schools performing in the bottom two categories of the state’s accountability system decreased by 15 percentage points (from 40 percent to 25 percent).

Missouri scored relatively low on the following indicators:

  • In 2014-15, only 2 percent of the state’s public schools were charters.
  • In 2014-15, only 2 percent of the state’s public school students were charter students.
  • In 2014-15, only two communities in Missouri had more than 10 percent of their public school students in charters.

In addition to the above points, we also offer the following observations about the movement in Missouri:

  • In 2013-14, the state’s charter public schools served a significantly higher percentage of racial and ethnic minority students (59 percentage points more) than traditional public schools.
  • In 2013-14, the state’s charter public schools served a significantly higher percentage of free and reduced-price lunch students than traditional public schools (33 percentage points more).
  • During 2012-13, 98 percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas as compared with 76 percent of traditional public schools.
  • Between 2009-10 and 2013-14, 22 charter public schools closed in Missouri, an 11.6 percent average annual closure rate.
  • Between 2007-08 and 2010-11, charter public school students exhibited higher academic growth in reading (14 more days), on average, when compared with traditional public school students.
  • Between 2012-13 and 2013-14, the percentage of charter public schools performing in the top two categories of the state’s accountability system stayed the same (45 percent).
  • In 2014-15, 100 percent of the state’s charter public schools were start-ups.
  • As of 2014-15, one local school board had authorized one charter public school (2 percent of the state’s total number of public charters), and 11 higher educational institutions had authorized 51 charter public schools (98 percent).
  • In 2013-14, no full-time virtual charter public schools operated in Missouri.

concluding thoughts

  • Even though Missouri’s law needs some improvements, its charter school movement has achieved relatively strong results, as demonstrated in CREDO’s National Charter School Study 2013.
  • In Missouri, charter public schools have been largely confined to Kansas City and St. Louis; as a result, charter public schools serve a higher percentage of racial and ethnic minority students and free and reduced-price lunch students than traditional public schools statewide.
  • Missouri also has a relatively high percentage of special-focus schools, showing that charters are providing a diverse array of options for students and educators.
  • We encourage the state to promote the expansion of charter public schools beyond Kansas City and St. Louis.