Measuring Up



Indiana

TOTAL SCORE:
73 out of 116

Rank: 7 out of 26

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state and recommendations to support the growth of high-quality charter schools.

What is the state of charter schools in Indiana?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2013–14)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

75

4%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2013–14)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

35,552

3%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

40%

73%

-33%

Black

44%

11%

33%

Hispanic

10%

10%

0%

Asian

1%

2%

-1%

Other

5%

5%

0%

Total minority

60%

28%

32%

 

4. Students in special populations (2012–13)

8

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

64%

49%

15%

Special education status

5%

5%

0%

English learner status

13%

14%

-1%

Total special student populations

82%

68%

14%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2011–12)

6

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

74%

24%

50%

Suburb

12%

19%

-7%

Town

3%

17%

-14%

Rural

11%

40%

-29%

Total nonsuburban

88%

81%

7%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2012–13)

1

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

2

   
 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2009–14)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

5

Average Annual Open Rate

11.9%

2010–11

8

2011–12

4

2012–13

11

2013–14

11

Total number

39

 

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2008–13)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2008–09

0

Average Annual Closure Rate

4%

2009–10

0

2010–11

1

2011–12

3

2012–13

8

Total number

12

 

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Public charter schools reporting use of various innovative practices (2011–12)

6

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

Extended day (30 minutes or more each day compared to traditional public schools)

63

Average

30%

Extended year (10 or more days compared to traditional public schools)

63

Year-round calendar

5

Independent study

11

School-to-work

11

Higher education courses

26

 
 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

16

weight = 4 | Possible total = 16

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

36

 

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

8

weight = 4 | Possible total = 16

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

14

 

 

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2012–13)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

99%

1%

 

 

 

Public charter schools that are independent, associated with a CMO, or associated with an EMO (2010–11)

 

Number

Percentage

 

 

Independent

36

58%

 

 

Charter management organization

17

27%

 

 

Education management organization

9

15%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2013–14)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

3

4

1

6%

State education agency

-

-

-

-

Independent charter board

1

8

8

4%

Noneducational government entity

1

28

28

31%

Higher education institution

4

36

9

59%

Nonprofit

-

-

-

-

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2012–13)

Number of virtual public charter school students

7,102

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

21%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

4

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

5%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

Indiana’s public charter school movement ranked #7 out of 26, scoring 73 points out of 116.

Indiana scored relatively well on the following indicators:

  • Public charter schools in Indiana served a higher percentage of students in special populations when compared with traditional public schools in 2012–13 (14 percentage points more).
  • Eighty-eight percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas in 2011–12 as compared to 81 percent of traditional public schools.
  • Thirty-nine public charters opened in Indiana between 2009–10 and 2013–14, an 11.9 percent average annual open rate.
  • An average of 30 percent of the state’s public charter schools reported using one of the six innovative practices that we tracked in 2011–12.
  • On average, public charter school students exhibited higher academic growth in reading when compared with traditional public school students between 2007–08 and 2010–11 (36 more days).

Indiana scored relatively low on the following indicators:

  • Only 4 percent of the state’s public schools were charters in 2013–14.
  • Only 3 percent of the state’s public school students were charter students in 2013–14.
  • Only two communities in Indiana had more than 10 percent of their public school students in charters in 2012–13.

In addition to the above points, we also offer the following observations about the movement in Indiana:

  • The state’s public charter schools served a significantly higher percentage of racial and ethnic minority students when compared with traditional public schools in 2012–13 (32 percentage points more).
  • Twelve public charters closed in Indiana between 2008–09 and 2012–13, a 4 percent average annual closure rate.
  • On average, public charter school students exhibited higher academic growth in math when compared with traditional public school students between 2007–08 and 2010–11 (14 more days).
  • Ninety-nine percent of the state’s public charters were startups, and 1 percent were conversions during 2012–13.
  • In 2010–11, 58 percent of the public charter schools in Indiana were independently managed, 27 percent were associated with a nonprofit charter management organization, and 15 percent were associated with a for-profit educational management organization.
  • As of 2013–14, three local school boards had authorized four public charter schools (6 percent of the state’s total number of public charters), one independent state charter board had authorized eight public charters (4 percent), one noneducational government entity had authorized 28 public charters (31 percent), and four higher education institutions had authorized 36 public charters (59 percent).
  • There were four virtual public charter schools in Indiana in 2012–13, serving 7,102 students (21 percent of the state’s public charter school population).

Recommendations

There are small proportions of public charter schools and public charter school students in Indiana. Such students are achieving better reading and math student outcomes when compared with their peers in traditional public schools, although it is important to note that the most recent student academic growth data available are from 2010–11. We encourage the state to enact policies to increase the impact of such success, including ensuring equitable operational funding and equitable access to capital funding and facilities.