Measuring Up



Indiana

TOTAL SCORE:
88 out of 132

Rank: out of 18

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state.

What is the state of charter schools in Indiana?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2014–15)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

79

4%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2014–15)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

37,448

4%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2013–14)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

40%

72%

-32%

Black

44%

11%

33%

Hispanic

10%

10%

0%

Asian

1%

2%

-1%

Other

5%

5%

0%

Total minority

60%

28%

32%

 

4. Students in special populations (2013–14)

8

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

63%

49%

14%

Special education status

N/A

N/A

N/A

English learner status

N/A

N/A

N/A

Total special student populations

63%

49%

14%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2012–13)

6

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

79%

25%

54%

Suburb

13%

22%

-9%

Town

4%

17%

-13%

Rural

4%

36%

-32%

Total nonsuburban

87%

78%

9%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2014–15)

1

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

3

   
 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2010–15)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2010–11

8

Average Annual Open Rate

9.9%

2011–12

4

2012–13

10

2013–14

11

2014–15

6

Total number

39

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2009–14)

12

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

0

Average Annual Closure Rate

3.7%

2010–11

1

2011–12

3

2012–13

8

2013–14

2

Total number

14

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Percentage of charter schools with an identified special focus (2012–13)

6

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

No Excuses

14%

Total

45%

STEM

3%

Arts

11%

Classical

2%

Purposely diverse

0%

Single sex

3%

International/Foreign language

0%

Montessori/Waldorf

9%

Dropout/Expulsion recovery

6%

Military

2%

Vocational training

5%

Public policy/Citizenship

0%

 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

12

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

36

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

14

 

 

 

12. Percentage point change in top categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

12

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

A

23

24

1

B

2

13

11

Total

25

37

12

 

13. Percentage point change in bottom categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

D

26

27

1

F

31

29

-2

Total

57

56

-1

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2014–15)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

98%

2%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2014–15)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

3

4

1

5%

State education agency

Independent charter board

1

9

9

11%

Noneducational government entity

1

30

30

38%

Higher education institution

4

37

9

46%

Nonprofit

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2013–14)

Number of virtual public charter school students

7,016

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

20%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

4

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

5%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

Indiana’s charter public school movement ranked #2 out of 18, scoring 88 points out of 132.

Indiana scored relatively well on the following indicators:

  • In 2013-14, charter public schools in Indiana served a higher percentage of free and reduced-price lunch students (14 percentage points more) when compared with traditional public schools.
  • In 2012-13, 87 percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas as compared with 78 percent of traditional public schools.
  • Between 2010-11 and 2014-15, 39 public charters opened in Indiana, a 9.9 percent average annual open rate.
  • Between 2009-10 and 2013-14, 14 public charters closed in Indiana, a 3.7 percent average annual closure rate.
  • In 2012-13, 45 percent of the state’s charter public schools were special-focus schools.
  • Between 2007-08 and 2010-11, charter public school students exhibited higher academic growth in reading (36 more days), on average, when compared with traditional public school students.
  • Between 2012-13 and 2013-14, the percentage of charter public schools performing in the top two categories of the state’s accountability system increased by 12 percentage points (from 25 percent to 37 percent).

Indiana scored relatively low on the following indicators:

  • In 2014-15, only 4 percent of the state’s public schools were charters.
  • In 2014-15, only 4 percent of the state’s public school students were charter students.
  • In 2014-15, only three communities in Indiana had more than 10 percent of their public school students in charters.

In addition to the above points, we also offer the following observations about the movement in Indiana:

  • In 2013-14, the state’s charter public schools served a significantly higher percentage of racial and ethnic minority students (32 percentage points more) when compared with traditional public schools.
  • Between 2007-08 and 2010-11, charter public school students exhibited higher academic growth in math (14 more days), on average, when compared with traditional public school students.
  • Between 2012-13 and 2013-14, the percentage of charter public schools performing in the bottom two categories of the state’s accountability system decreased by 1 percentage point (from 57 percent to 56 percent).
  • During 2014-15, 98 percent of the state’s public charters were start-ups and 2 percent were conversions.
  • As of 2014-15, three local school boards had authorized four charter public schools (5 percent of the state’s total number of public charters), one independent state charter board had authorized nine public charters (11 percent), one noneducational government entity had authorized 30 public charters (38 percent), and four higher education institutions had authorized 37 public charters (46 percent).
  • In 2013-14, four full-time virtual charter public schools operated in Indiana, serving 7,016 students (20 percent of the state’s charter public school population).

concluding thoughts

  • Indiana has the strongest charter school law in the country. It has laid a strong foundation for the creation of a healthy charter public school movement. While the law still provides inequitable funding to charters, the state has recently made strides in closing the funding gap between charter students and their counterparts in traditional public schools.
  • In Indiana, charter public schools serve a higher percentage of racial and ethnic minority students and free and reduced-price lunch students than traditional public schools, showing that charters are serving those students who most need a better public school option.
  • Indiana also has a relatively high percentage of special-focus schools, showing that charters are providing a diverse array of options for students and educators.
  • Indiana’s charter school movement has achieved relatively strong results, as especially demonstrated in CREDO’s National Charter School Study 2013.