Measuring Up



Florida

TOTAL SCORE:
77 out of 132

Rank: out of 18

See a summary of the state’s charter law.

See additional observations about charters in the state.

What is the state of charter schools in Florida?

GROWTH INDICATORS

 

 

Score


1. Public school share
 (2014–15)

12

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter schools

653

16%

 

 


2. Public school student share
 (2014–15)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

Number

Percentage

 

Public charter school students

250,583

9%

 

 

3. Students by race and ethnicity (2013–14)

6

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

White

35%

41%

-6%

Black

22%

23%

-1%

Hispanic

38%

29%

9%

Asian

2%

3%

-1%

Other

3%

4%

-1%

Total minority

65%

59%

6%

 

4. Students in special populations (2013–14)

2

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

Free and reduced-price lunch status

49%

59%

-10%

Special education status

N/A

N/A

N/A

English learner status

N/A

N/A

N/A

Total special student populations

49%

59%

-10%

 

5. Schools by geographic distribution (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

Charters

Traditional

Difference

City

35%

29%

6%

Suburb

54%

51%

3%

Town

3%

7%

-4%

Rural

8%

13%

-5%

Total nonsuburban

46%

49%

-3%

 

6. Communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools (2014–15)

4

weight = 1 | Possible total = 4

 

 

 

Number of communities with more than 10 percent of students in public charter schools

12

   
 

7. New public charter schools opened over the past five years  (2010–15)

9

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2010–11

57

Average Annual Open Rate

10.5%

2011–12

76

2012–13

80

2013–14

75

2014–15

56

Total number

344

 

 

 

 

8. Public charter schools closed over the past five years (2009–14)

12

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

2009–10

7

Average Annual Closure Rate

3.2%

2010–11

20

2011–12

20

2012–13

26

2013–14

28

Total number

101

 

 

 

 
 

INNOVATION INDICATORS

 

 

Score

9. Percentage of charter schools with an identified special focus (2012–13)

4

weight = 2 | Possible total = 8

 

 

 

No Excuses

1%

Total

35%

STEM

5%

Arts

5%

Classical

2%

Purposely diverse

0%

Single sex

1%

International/Foreign language

8%

Montessori/Waldorf

6%

Dropout/Expulsion recovery

7%

Military

0.4%

Vocational training

4%

Public policy/Citizenship

0%

 

QUALITY INDICATORS

 

 

Score

10. Additional days of learning in reading (2007–11)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in reading

-7

 

 

 

11. Additional days of learning in math (2007–11)

3

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 

 

 

Number of additional days of learning in math

0

 

 

 

12. Percentage point change in top categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

A

42

46

4

B

20

16

-4

Total

62

62

0

 

13. Percentage point change in bottom categories in state accountability system (2012–14)

6

weight = 3 | Possible total = 12

 2012-13

2013-14

Difference

D

10

8

-2

F

7

10

3

Total

17

18

1

 

Items Reported But Not Scored

Startups versus conversions (2014–15)

 

Startups

Conversions

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools

97%

3%

 

 

 

Charter authorizers (2014–15)

 

Number of authorizers

Number of charter schools

Average number of charters per authorizer

Percentage of the state’s public charters authorized by this type of authorizer

Local education agency

46

650

14

99.5%

State education agency

Independent charter board

2

3

1.5

.5%

Noneducational government entity

Higher education institution

Nonprofit

 

Virtual public charter schools and students (2013–14)

Number of virtual public charter school students

1,247

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter school student population enrolled
in virtual charter schools

0.01%

 

 

Number of virtual public charter schools

11

 

 

Percentage of a state’s public charter schools that are virtual charter schools

0.2%

 

 

 

Health of the Movement Summary

Florida’s charter public school movement ranked #6 out of 18, scoring 77 points out of 132.

Florida scored relatively well on the following indicators:

  • In 2014-15, 16 percent of the state’s public schools were charters.
  • In 2013-14, the state’s charter public schools served a higher percentage of racial and ethnic minority students (6 percentage points more) when compared with traditional public schools.
  • In 2014-15, 12 communities in Florida had more than 10 percent of their public school students in charters.
  • Between 2010-11 and 2014-15, 344 public charters opened in Florida, a 10.5 percent average annual open rate.
  • Between 2009-10 and 2013-14, 101 public charters closed in Florida, a 3.2 percent average annual closure rate.

Florida scored relatively low on the following indicators:

  • In 2013-14, charter public schools in Florida served a lower percentage of free and reduced-price lunch students (10 percentage points less) when compared with traditional public schools .
  • Between 2007-08 and 2010-11, charter public school students exhibited lower academic growth in reading (seven fewer days), on average, when compared with traditional public school students, and the same academic growth in math.

In addition to the above points, we also offer the following observations about the movement in Florida:

  • In 2014-15, 9 percent of the state’s public school students were charter students.
  • In 2012-13, 46 percent of the state’s public charters were located in nonsuburban areas as compared with 49 percent of the state’s traditional public schools.
  • In 2012-13, 35 percent of the state’s charter public schools were special-focus schools.
  • Between 2012-13 and 2013-14, the percentage of charter public schools performing in the top two categories of the state’s accountability system stayed the same (62 percent).
  • Between 2012-13 and 2013-14, the percentage of charter public schools performing in the bottom two categories of the state’s accountability system increased by 1 percentage point (from 17 percent to 18 percent).
  • During 2014-15, 97 percent of the state’s charter public schools were start-ups and 3 percent were conversions.
  • As of 2014-15, 46 local school boards had authorized 650 charter public schools (99.5 percent of the state’s total number of charter public schools), and two higher education institutions had authorized three charter public schools (.5 percent).
  • In 2013-14, 11 full-time virtual charter public schools operated in Florida, serving 1,247 students (.01 percent of the state’s charter public school population).

concluding thoughts

  • Florida has a relatively good charter law, but it still needs to provide more equitable funding and facilities support to charter students.
  • In Florida, a relatively high percentage of the state’s public schools are charters, which shows a high demand for these innovative public school options.
  • In Florida, charter public schools serve a higher percentage of racial and ethnic minority students than traditional public schools, which shows that charters, in some cases, are serving those students who most need a better public school option.
  • We encourage the state to continue to strengthen school and authorizer accountability, enhance its funding and facilities support to charters, and explore why charters are serving lower percentages of free and reduced-price lunch students.